The new Slovak Language Law : Internal or External Politics?

Gál, Kinga ; Daftary, Farimah


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Dokumentart: Bericht / Forschungsbericht / Abhandlung
Institut: ECMI - European Centre for Minority Issues
Schriftenreihe: ECMI working paper // European Centre for Minority Issues = Working paper
Bandnummer: 8
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2000
Publikationsdatum: 07.10.2009
Originalveröffentlichung: (2000)
SWD-Schlagwörter: Slowakei , Sprachenrecht
DDC-Sachgruppe: Politik
BK - Basisklassifikation: 89.42 (Staat und Bürger)
Sondersammelgebiete: 3.6 Politik und Friedensforschung

Kurzfassung auf Deutsch:

In Central and Eastern Europe, where language is the central defining element of the ethnic group, language policy becomes the cornerstone of constructing the identity of new states. In the multiethnic state or plural democratic state, policies aimed at promoting the language of the titular nation become the primary means of validating the moral worth of one ethnic group over the others. The example of independent Slovakia illustrates the political importance of language in Central and Eastern Europe and the virulence of the conflicts which arise between majorities and minorities over language issues. The continuous disputes between the Slovak leadership and the Hungarian minority over minority issues in general, and language-related issues specifically, have shown how sensitive language demands are during the early phases of state-building. In Slovakia, where the emphasis was on the ethnic rather than the civic dimension of nationhood, language policy served a twofold purpose: by giving the Slovak language a dominant position in the state, it sought to foster Slovak ethnic identity as the identity of the Slovak nation-state; and it was at the same time a method for promoting the assimilation of nonethnic Slovak citizens. In reality, anti-minority policies in Slovakia (or policies perceived as such) fell within a broader set of anti-opposition policies as the State attempted to extend control and establish moral monopoly over not only language but also the fields of culture, education, economy, etc.

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