Private Security in Guatemala : The Pathway to Its Proliferation

Argueta, Otto

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URL http://edoc.vifapol.de/opus/volltexte/2011/2948/
Dokumentart: Bericht / Forschungsbericht / Abhandlung
Institut: GIGA - German Institute of Global and Area Studies
Schriftenreihe: GIGA Working Papers
Bandnummer: 144
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2010
Publikationsdatum: 28.02.2011
Originalveröffentlichung: http://www.giga-hamburg.de/dl/download.php?d=/content/publikationen/pdf/wp144_argueta.pdf (2010)
SWD-Schlagwörter: Guatelmala , Bewachungsgewerbe , Online-Publikation
DDC-Sachgruppe: Politik
BK - Basisklassifikation: 89.76 (Friedensforschung, Konfliktforschung), 89.40 (Innere Beziehungen des Staates: Allgemeines)
Sondersammelgebiete: 3.6 Politik und Friedensforschung

Kurzfassung auf Englisch:

It has become commonplace to explain the proliferation of private security services as causally determined by crime rates and institutional weakness. By contrast, this paper ar-gues that another explanatory factor needs to be emphasized, especially for post-war so-cieties: continuity and change of social control mechanisms. The paper first presents the current situation with commercial and noncommercial private security services in Guate-mala (private security companies, as well as neighborhood security committees). Against this background, it reconstructs mechanisms and critical junctures by which the Guatema-lan state sourced out policing functions to the private sector during the war, and traces the reinforcement of these mechanisms in the post-war society. It argues that the proliferation of private security services is an outcome of the overlapping of different political processes and sequences. The continuity of social control mechanisms thereby emerges as a stronger explanatory factor for this proliferation, rather than the common justification of high crime rates.


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