Designing Gender-Sensitive Demobilisation Exercises : The Liberian Case

Forsström, David

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URL http://edoc.vifapol.de/opus/volltexte/2011/3372/
Dokumentart: Bericht / Forschungsbericht / Abhandlung
Institut: FKRE - Forschungsstelle Kriege, Rüstung und Entwicklung
Schriftenreihe: Arbeitspapiere // Universität Hamburg, IPW, Forschungsstelle Kriege, Rüstung und Entwicklung
Bandnummer: 2007, 2
ISBN: 1432 - 8283
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2007
Publikationsdatum: 18.10.2011
Originalveröffentlichung: http://www.sozialwiss.uni-hamburg.de/publish/Ipw/Akuf/publ/AP2007-2.pdf (2007)
SWD-Schlagwörter: Liberia , Demobilmachung , Abrüstung , Frau , Beteiligung
DDC-Sachgruppe: Politik
BK - Basisklassifikation: 89.76 (Friedensforschung, Konfliktforschung), 15.92 (Afrika südlich der Sahara)
Sondersammelgebiete: 3.6 Politik und Friedensforschung

Kurzfassung auf Englisch:

This study seeks to describe female participation in the Liberian Disarmament and Demobilisation exercises and to explain the level of entry of Women Associated with Fighting Forces. The empirical material – interviews, statistical data and written documents – is analysed using Anne Phillips’ theory on presence versus representation, Erving Goffman’s theory on stigma, and a model illustrating the three dimensions in which gender aspects of the DD affects society. An overweight of men in the DD Planning Forum did not prevent quantitatively good participation of female ex-combatants in the process, with policies such as United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security efficiently utilised. However, when it came to qualitative aspects and gender sensitive details, a stronger presence of women in planning would have been required. Information and sensitisation of combatants and communities decreased the problem of stigmatisation, which in combination with the financial incentive of 300 USD for all participants made the Liberian DD process attractive for women. The number of female participants was 20 times the initial estimates, while that of male participants was not even three times the initial estimate.


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