International Norms and European Policy Making : Trafficking in Women in the EU

Locher, Birgit

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URL http://edoc.vifapol.de/opus/volltexte/2012/3772/
Dokumentart: Bericht / Forschungsbericht / Abhandlung
Institut: CEuS - Jean Monnet Centre for European Studies
Schriftenreihe: CEuS working paper
Bandnummer: 2002, 6
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2002
Publikationsdatum: 07.05.2012
Originalveröffentlichung: http://www.monnet-centre.uni-bremen.de/pdf/wp/2002-6-Locher.pdf (2002)
SWD-Schlagwörter: Menschenhandel , Europäische Union , Bürokratie
DDC-Sachgruppe: Politik
BK - Basisklassifikation: 89.73 (Europapolitik, Europäische Union), 88.20 (Organisation staatlicher Einrichtungen, Management staatlicher Einrichtungen)
Sondersammelgebiete: 3.6 Politik und Friedensforschung

Kurzfassung auf Englisch:

This paper seeks to explore a striking puzzle of EU policy-making – namely the question how and why the EU even though the problem of trafficking in women continued to exist since the 1970s all the sudden began to put trafficking on its political agenda. Since 1995 the EU not only passed numerous resolutions and Recommendations, but also launched public awareness campaigns and costly policy programs such as Stop and Daphne. In order to solve this policy puzzle I employ a norm-oriented constructivist approach. I argue that the latest EU activities against trafficking in women can be explained by the „revitalization“ and implementation of the anti-trafficking norm on the European level. The move from normadoption to norm-implementation was possible through the interplay of various enabling factors such as actors comprising a „velvet triangle“, political opportunity structures, and effective frames that allowed norm-linking. „World time“ (see Risse et al. 1999) i.e. a particular historical setting beneficial for norms, their diffusion and implementation appears as a central feature in the case. In this sense the paper does not investigate how to explain the deepening of human rights, but rather concerns itself with its effects. In a first step, I scrutinze the policy-puzzle that guides this work, describe the quality and dimension of the phenomenon of trafficking in women, and trace the EU´s reaction to the problem. In a second step, I propose a norm-based constructivist approach focusing on actors, farmes, and political opportunity structures for solving the policy puzzle. Finally, I consider alternative explanations before reflecting on common theoretical propositions concerning norm-success on the base of the empirical results of the trafficking case-study.


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