Legislating on car emissions : what drives standards in EU environmental policy?

Deters, Henning

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URL http://edoc.vifapol.de/opus/volltexte/2013/4188/
Dokumentart: Bericht / Forschungsbericht / Abhandlung
Institut: SFB 597 Staatlichkeit im Wandel
Schriftenreihe: TranState working papers
Bandnummer: 142
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2010
Publikationsdatum: 22.01.2013
Originalveröffentlichung: http://www.sfb597.uni-bremen.de/pages/download.php?ID=183&SPRACHE=DE&TABLE=AP&TYPE=PDF (2010)
SWD-Schlagwörter: Gesetzgebung , Abgasemission , Europäische Union
DDC-Sachgruppe: Politik
BK - Basisklassifikation: 43.62 (Umweltbelastung durch Transport und Verkehr), 86.62 (Naturschutzrecht, Landschaftsschutzrecht, Umweltrecht), 89.73 (Europapolitik, Europäische Union)
Sondersammelgebiete: 3.6 Politik und Friedensforschung

Kurzfassung auf Englisch:

The working paper examines the decision-making process of what has most likely been the most contentious European environmental policy-item in 2009: the regulation 443/2009 setting carbon dioxide emission performance standards for new passenger cars. In contrast to the empirical trend of rather stringent protection levels, where environmental front-runner countries, encouraged by the Commission and the European Parliament, are able to set the pace, the regulation in question was largely shaped by the most reluctant member state – Germany with its high-volume, premium car manufacturers. By process-tracing the legislative decision-making, the paper accounts for this lowest-common-denominator outcome. Commission and EP had “greener” preferences than the Council. Yet, both actors suffered from a of lack internal consistency, with national differences leading to strong in-fights between Commissioners and limiting the voting coherence of EP party-groups. The issue was therefore already highly politicized at the agenda-setting stage. This, and the fact that the dossier was handled in a fast-track procedure, curtailed Commission influence. In the Council negotiations, Germany was able to muster a potential blocking minority together with those, mostly east-European countries, were subsidiaries of German car companies are located. “Greener” member states were, however, not prepared to veto down the regulation although they criticized its lack of ambition.


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