The occupation corrupts? : quantitative analysis of corruption in the Palestinian authority

Sobovitz, Dan


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Dokumentart: Bericht / Forschungsbericht / Abhandlung
Institut: Hertie School of Governance
Schriftenreihe: Working papers // Hertie School of Governance
Bandnummer: 50
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2010
Publikationsdatum: 22.01.2013
Originalveröffentlichung: (2010)
SWD-Schlagwörter: Korruption , Palästinensische Autonomiegebiete , Hochschulschrift
DDC-Sachgruppe: Politik
BK - Basisklassifikation: 89.54 (Politischer Einfluß), 89.40 (Innere Beziehungen des Staates: Allgemeines), 15.76 (Vorderer und mittlerer Orient)
Sondersammelgebiete: 3.6 Politik und Friedensforschung

Kurzfassung auf Englisch:

Recognition of the far-reaching hazardous implications of corruption has induced the development of new scientific tools for cross-country measurement, quantification, and comparison of corruption. The Palestinian Authority (PA) is one of the best-known cases in which corruption impedes economic and political development, thus troubling the state-building process. This paper implements quantitative tools on indices of global governance in order to analyze corruption within the PA and the way it compares with that of other countries. Specifically, it explores the extent to which theory and practical knowledge on corruption can be applied to the case of the PA, or whether the Palestinian case stands alone as an exception due to its unique circumstances. A cross-section time-series panel of countries was assembled in which each case was allocated with the World Bank’s annual Control of Corruption score. Based on these data, a regression model was estimated, using independent variables as proxies for sixteen theories of (global) causes of corruption. The model was subsequently used for comparing the PA’s predicted and observed levels of corruption for the years 1998-20082. In all years other than 2004, the PA showed higher levels of corruption than predicted by the model. Divergence was relatively low with an average of 0.65 units of standard deviation below the regression line. Particularities of the Palestinian case, which are exogenous to the model, were sought for explaining the PA’s higher than predicted level of corruption. Suggested explanations include the conflict with Israel, lack of territorial integrity, the Fatah-Hamas rivalry, weakness of the legislative branch, lack of sovereignty, and the rapid social changes undergone by Palestinian society. The perception of better performance in 2004 might be associated with optimism following extensive administrative reforms announced by the PA in September and the death of President Yasser Arafat in November of that year.

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